The enteroviruses that cause meningitis can spread through direct contact with saliva, nasal mucus, or feces. They easily spread through coughing and sneezing. Direct or indirect contact with an infected person increases your risk of getting the same virus.
How do people get meningitis?
Bacteria that enter the bloodstream and travel to the brain and spinal cord cause acute bacterial meningitis. But it can also occur when bacteria directly invade the meninges. This may be caused by an ear or sinus infection, a skull fracture, or — rarely — some surgeries.
Can anybody catch meningitis? Anyone can potentially get meningitis, but it’s more common in: babies and young children. teenagers and young adults.
What should you do if you have been in contact with someone with meningitis?
Call 999 for an ambulance or go to your nearest A&E immediately if you think you or your child might be seriously ill. Call NHS 111 or your GP surgery for advice if you’re not sure if it’s anything serious or you think you may have been exposed to someone with meningitis.
How long after exposure to meningitis are you contagious?
How long after being sick could I pass it to someone? Symptoms appear within three to six days after being exposed to the virus. You can pass the virus to others for several weeks after getting the infection, even after you no longer feel sick so it is important to always wash your hands.
Can your body fight off meningitis?
Antibiotics are usually discontinued if viral meningitis is diagnosed. There is no specific treatment for most cases of viral meningitis. Patients need to be hydrated with fluids, given painkillers and allowed to rest in order to recover.
Who is at risk for meningitis?
Risk factors for meningitis include the following: Extremes of age (< 5 or >60 years) Diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney failure, adrenal insufficiency, hypoparathyroidism, or cystic fibrosis. Immunosuppression, which increases the risk of opportunistic infections and acute bacterial meningitis.
How long can you live with meningitis?
Most people with mild viral meningitis usually get better on their own within 7 to 10 days.
What are the 5 types of meningitis?
There are actually five types of meningitis — bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal, and non-infectious — each classified by the cause of the disease.
How contagious is viral meningitis in adults?
How contagious is meningitis? In short, most bacterial meningitis infections are mildly to moderately contagious person to person, while some viral meningitis are contagious but other types are not. Fungal, parasitic, and noninfectious causes of meningitis are not contagious from one person directly to another.
How long can you have bacterial meningitis without knowing?
Typically, symptoms of bacterial meningitis develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure; note, this is not true for TB meningitis, which can develop much later after exposure to the bacteria. People with bacterial meningitis can have seizures, go into a coma, and even die.
What do meningitis spots look like?
A petechial rash looks like pin-prick red or purple spots on the skin, and can resemble flea bites. A purpuric rash looks more like bruising, showing up as reddish-purple areas on the skin.
What is incubation period for meningitis?
Symptoms. The average incubation period is four days, but can range between two and 10 days. The most common symptoms are a stiff neck, high fever, sensitivity to light, confusion, headaches and vomiting.
What happens if you are exposed to meningitis?
Susceptible people can develop an infection after exposure to the bacteria that cause meningitis. The infection affects the delicate tissue that encases the brain and spinal cord. This thin tissue is called the meninges. Meningococcal meningitis is a serious infection of the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid.
What type of isolation is needed for bacterial meningitis?
Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required. Patients with pneumococcal or viral meningitis do not require isolation.
How do you know if you have bacterial meningitis?
What are the symptoms of bacterial meningitis? You want to watch for high fever, headaches, and an inability to lower your chin to your chest due to stiffness in the neck. In older children and adults, you may see confusion, irritability, increasing drowsiness. Seizures and stroke may occur.
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