What Are The Four Components That Make Up A Triglyceride?

A triglyceride contains three fatty acids. A fatty acid contains a carboxylic acid and a chain of carbon and hydrogen atoms. Carboxylic acid is made of at least one carboxyl group, which is made up of one carbon atom, two oxygen atoms and one hydrogen atom.


What is a triglyceride made up of? The Chemistry of Triglycerides A triglyceride is a lipid molecule made up of one unit of glycerol and three fatty acids, hence the tri- prefix, which means three. A triglyceride looks a little bit like a creature with three tails. The head is glycerol, which is a simple sugar alcohol compound.

what are the components of a triglyceride?

Triglycerides are esters in which three molecules of one or more different fatty acids are linked to the alcohol glycerol; they are named according to the fatty acid components; e.g., tristearin contains three molecules of stearic acid, and oleodistearin, one of oleic acid and two of stearic acid.

What are the two types of triglycerides? The three types of fatty acids that compose triglycerides are saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. From these three types of fatty acids come the three types of triglycerides, or fats; saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated triglycerides.

what are the two primary components of a triglyceride?

The 2 Components of a Triglyceride structure

What is an example of a triglyceride? Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. They are the most common type of fat in the body. Most of the fats we eat, such as natural oils — both polyunsaturated and monounsaturated — animal fats and trans fats, are triglycerides.

what are the 4 parts of a triglyceride?

Fat molecules are generally made up of four parts: a molecule of glycerol and three molecules of fatty acids. Each fatty acid consists of a hydrocarbon chain with a carboxyl group at one end. The glycerol molecule has three hydroxyl groups, each able to interact with the carboxyl group of a fatty acid.

What is the best medicine for triglycerides? Classes of medications that are appropriate for the management of major triglyceride elevations include fibric acid derivatives, niacin, and omega-3 fatty acids. High doses of a strong statin (simvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin) also lower triglycerides, by as much as approximately 50%.

What are the components of a triglyceride quizlet?

Triglycerides (fats and oils), phospolipids, and waxes. An individual lipid molecule made up of a glycerol molecule and three fatty acids.

What is the mean of triglycerides? Triglycerides: The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three molecules of fatty acid combined with a molecule of the alcohol glycerol. Triglycerides serve as the backbone of many types of lipids (fats). Triglycerides come from the food we eat as well as from being produced by the body.

What are fats made of?

Fats, a subgroup of lipids, are also known as triglycerides, meaning their molecules are made from one molecule of glycerol and three fatty acids. Fats in the body serve mainly as an energy storage system.

What are the properties of triglycerides?

Physical properties of triglycerides • Physical properties depend on the fatty acid components. ? Melting point increases as the number of carbons in its hydrocarbon chains increases and as the number of double bonds decreases. ? Oils: Triglycerides rich in unsaturated fatty acids are generally liquid at room.

What is another name for triglycerides?

Triglycerides. Triglycerides (see Fig. 37.3) comprise three fatty acids esterified with a glycerol backbone. 'Triacylglycerols' is the correct chemical name but they are more commonly known as 'triglycerides' and this term will be used throughout this chapter.

How are triacylglycerols formed?

Synthesis of Triacylglycerols. Glycerol accepts fatty acids from acyl-CoAs to synthesize glycerol lipids. Then the glycerol phosphate accepts two fatty acids from fatty acyl-CoA. The fatty acyl-CoA is formed by the expenditure of two high-energy phosphate bonds from ATP.

What is the backbone of triglycerides?

glycerol. The third type of lipid; an alcohol composed of three carbon atoms; it is the backbone of a triglyceride molecule.

What level of triglycerides is dangerous?

Borderline levels are between 150-200 mg/dL. High levels of triglycerides (greater than 200 mg/dl) are associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis and therefore coronary artery disease and stroke. Extremely high triglyceride levels (greater than 500mg/dl) may cause pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).

Where do triglycerides come from?

The source of triglycerides Food is one source of triglycerides. Your liver also makes them. When you eat extra calories — especially carbohydrates — your liver increases the production of triglycerides. When you consume — or your body creates — excess triglycerides, they're stored in fat cells for later use.

What are the subunits of triglycerides?

Fats are made of a glycerol (alcohol) and three fatty acid chains. This subunit is called a triglyceride. Color the glycerol molecule using the same colors for carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen as you did before.

Why is it called saturated fat?

Double bonds can react with hydrogen to form single bonds. They are called saturated, because the second bond is broken and each half of the bond is attached to (saturated with) a hydrogen atom. Most animal fats are saturated. The fats of plants and fish are generally unsaturated.

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