A Greek foot soldier was called a hoplite. His uniform was a linen shirt with metal armour plates on the shoulders. A bronze breastplate covered his chest and stomach, and greaves shin guards covered his legs. On his head he wore a bronze helmet with a tall crest.
What was a hoplite equipped with?
Hoplites carried a large concave shield called an aspis (often referred to as a hoplon), measuring between 80–100 centimetres (31–39 in) in diameter and weighing between 6.5–8 kilograms (14–18 lbs). This large shield was made possible partly by its shape, which allowed it to be supported on the shoulder.
Did hoplites wear armour? Hoplites had customized armour, and possibly family symbols on his shield. The equipment might well be passed down in families, since it would have been expensive to manufacture. The average farmer-peasant hoplite typically wore no armour, carrying only a shield, a spear, and perhaps a helmet plus a secondary weapon.
Did hoplites wear shoes?
The κρηπίς was a sort of half-boot or ankle boot–according to Lewis and Short these were often associated with soldiers and martial virtue. Finally the ἐμβάς was a sort of felt shoe for ordinary walking–the word is related to the verb ἐμβαίνω, “to step, walk.”
What kind of armor did ancient Greeks wear?
Linothorax armor made out of linen fabric was the most common form of infantry torso armor, being cheap and relatively light. Bronze breastplate armor was also used, in forms such as a bell cuirass.
How heavy was a Spartan sword?
It was a rather light weapon, with a weight around 450 to 900 grams or 1-2 lbs. It was generally hung from a baldric under the left arm.
Who could be a hoplite?
A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary.
What were Spartan slaves called?
The helots were the slaves of the Spartans. Distributed in family groups across the landholdings of Spartan citizens in Laconia and Messenia, helots performed the labour that was the bedrock on which Spartiate leisure and wealth rested.
What were Roman soldiers called?
There were two main types of Roman soldiers: legionaries and auxiliaries. The legionaries were the elite (very best) soldiers. A legionary had to be over 17 years old and a Roman citizen.
Did the Spartans use the phalanx?
Spartan Military Innovations. The hoplite phalanx, however, consisted of specially-armed infantry. They all wore bronze body armor, helmets, bronze shin guards, and all carried shields. … The phalanx was perfect for combat on open gound or level terrain.
Did Greek hoplites wear sandals?
Footwear was restricted to sandals (100958) and often times the feet of an enemy were sought after for a crippling blow. … Rarely thrown, the spear, between 7 and 9 feet long, was held onto providing great reach to the enemy. The lines of the phalanx would stand shoulder to shoulder; shields leading the way.
How do you pronounce Hoplite in Greek?
In the Ancient Greek, pronunciation of this word will have varied from region to region, but usually, when we’re discussing Ancient Greek, we’re discussing 6th-4th century Attic Greek. In this familiar dialect, it was pronounced roughly (in vague English transliteration) “hope-lee-tehs”.
What did the Greeks wear for shoes?
Did they wear shoes? A lot of the time, the Ancient Greeks went barefoot, especially when at home. When wearing footwear, they usually wore leather sandals. Wealthy Greeks wore jewelry made from precious metals like gold and silver.
What was the most impressive piece of military technology of the Mycenaeans?
The most common type of Mycenaean helmet is the conical one reinforced with rows of boar tusks. This type was widely used and became the most identifiable piece of Mycenaean armor, being in use from the beginning to the collapse of Mycenaean culture.
What was the Greek chestplate called?
This article focuses specifically on the pieces of hoplite armor used in the ancient Greek sport hoplitodromos. Hoplites were volunteer soldiers of the ancient Greek world who were characterized by the large, wooden shields most of them carried; the hoplon (also commonly called the aspis).
Do Spartans wear armor?
Eventually, they wore almost no armour apart from a shield, leg greaves, bracelets, helmet and a robe. Spartans did start to readopt armour in later periods, but on a much lesser scale than during the Archaic period.