Calculate the Price
|_____ are symmetric keys to encrypt and decrypt information exchanged during the session and to verify its integrity.||Session keys|
|What is a value that can be used to ensure that hashed plaintext will not consistently result in the same digest?||salt|
Which of the following are valid multi factor authentication factors?
The three factors of authentication that can be combined for multi-factor authentication are: (1) something you know, like a password; (2) something you have, like a physical token; and (3) something you are, which would be a biometric factor.
What is the difference between value assumptions and reality assumptions?
To challenge a reality assumption, we must present information showing that the author's notion of reality and how the world works are debatable or just plain. Value assumptions Values are our ideas, our standards of right and wrong, and the way things ought to be. Cue words: ought, should, desirable, unacceptable.
What is a descriptive assumption?
A descriptive assumption is an unstated belief about how the world is, or will become. The author is not assuming anything about what is more important or of more value. He or she is only assuming the way things are or will become.
What is a reality assumption?
Reality assumption. It is a belief about what is true and factual about the world. Value assumption. These are beliefs about what is good and important that form the basics of an individual's opinion on issues.
What is an assumption in terms of argumentation?
In an argument, an assumption is a premise that is not explicitly (directly) stated. These unstated premises are very important since the validity of an argument is determined by the validity of its assumptions. Assumptions are the missing links of arguments. You can think about assumptions in visual terms.
What is a value quizlet?
Value. as the monetary worth of a property, good, or service to buyers and sellers at a given time. price. "the amount asked, offered, or paid for a property"
How do you find descriptive assumptions?
Descriptive assumptions are unstated beliefs about how the world is, was, or will be. Once you identify assumptions, you should ask “Is there any basis for accepting that assumption?” If the answer is “no,” you should reject the assumption (and possibly the conclusion if it relies heavily on that assumption).
Why is it important to identify assumptions in ethical arguments?
For ethical or prescriptive arguments, an individual's values influence the reasons he provides and, consequently, his conclusion. ... Value assumptions are very important assumptions for such arguments because they are directing the reasoning from behind a screen. Oct 27, 2010
What is reflective skepticism?
Reflective skepticism - Questioning of universal truth claims or unexamined patterns of behaviour and interaction through the prior three activities (assumption analysis, contextual awareness, and imaginative speculation).
What is an assumption in critical thinking?
An assumption is an unexamined belief: what we think without realizing we think it. Our inferences (also called conclusions) are often based on assumptions that we haven't thought about critically. A critical thinker, however, is attentive to these assumptions because they are sometimes incorrect or misguided. Jan 15, 2021
What is an example of assumption?
An assumption is something that you assume to be the case, even without proof. For example, people might make the assumption that you're a nerd if you wear glasses, even though that's not true.
What are the types of assumptions?
The following are common types of assumptions. Unrecognized. Assumptions that are made automatically by an individual without realizing it. ... Unstated. Assumptions that go uncommunicated. ... Unquestioned. ... Naive. ... Pragmatic. ... Productive Assumptions. ... Unproductive Assumptions. ... Likely Facts. More items... • Feb 26, 2016
How do you find hidden assumptions?
So how should we go about identifying hidden assumptions? There are two main steps involved. First, determine whether the argument is valid or not. If the argument is valid, the conclusion does indeed follow from the premises, and so the premises have shown explicitly the assumptions needed to derive the conclusion.
What does value mean?
Value has to do with how much something is worth, either in terms of cash or importance. As a verb, it means "holding something in high regard," (like "I value our friendship") but it can also mean "determine how much something is worth," like a prize valued at $200.
Which of the following is an example of a value?
Answer: We need everything in our life and justice , happiness and security is our moral values . We want justice as value because if any one harm us or our fundamental rights we have our constitution who promise us that we are always safe or if anyone harm us we have rights. Mar 3, 2020
How does the text define values?
How does the text define values? Values are shared ideas about what is good and desirable. ... Beliefs are shared ideas about what is true.
Why is it important to identify hidden assumptions?
So trying to identify the hidden assumption in an argument can help us think more deeply. In everyday life, the arguments we normally encounter are often arguments where important assumptions are not made explicit.
What is the difference between descriptive and prescriptive issues?
Descriptive issues address or describe how the world is. For example, "What makes grass grow?" Prescriptive issues deal with the way the world ought to be and often involve moral or ethical concerns such as "We should reduce our carbon footprint." The conclusion is usually the author's answer or solution to the issue.
What is the definition of an assumption quizlet?
Assumptions are statements that are assumed to be true. Assumptions are present within all arguments. ... When you give an argument, you will inevitably make certain assumptions.
Can assumptions be true?
(An assumption is a claim that the author does not try to prove. Evidence is proof.) If an assumption is wrong because there is no evidence, that is the same as saying all assumptions are wrong. Obviously this cannot be true.
How do you write assumption?
Below we have highlighted four tips on how to deal with assumptions in research writing. ... Four Ways to Deal with Assumptions Don't touch them, leave them as they are; ... Explain them in more detail (make them explicit) ... Offer evidence (convert them into supported claims) More items...
How do you solve an assumption and conclusion?
Identifying Assumptions and Conclusions Test An assumption is an information not stated in the argument that must be true for the argument's conclusion to hold true. ... The conclusion must be based on the given premise/s. ... Eliminate off-topic arguments. ... Eliminate too broad answers. ... The correct assumption must connect the evidence to the conclusion. More items...
What is a paradigmatic assumption?
1. An assumption that is so foundational that it is particularly hard to uncover and even harder to challenge. Learn more in: “The Illness that Dare Not Speak Its Name”: An Auto-Ethnographic Approach to Understanding Adult Learning in and on Clinical Depression.
What is the difference between assumption and inference?
Assumption: It is an unstated premise which cannot be logically derived from any existing information. ... Assumptions are generally given to present some new information. These can also be part of some beliefs. Inference: It is that piece of information which can be logically deducted from the one or more statements. Aug 30, 2020
Why is it important to state your assumptions?
State your assumptions when you tell people what should be done. Stating assumptions gives employees an opportunity to validate or challenge your assumptions, helping you make the best possible decision to reach your desired goals and objectives. Dec 30, 2018
How do you solve assumption Questions?
Tips To Solve Statement & Reasoning Questions Read the statement with an approach that the assumptions would be true with regard to the statement. Do not go too logical with the statements. ... Common assumptions can always be followed but other than that do not align the statement with General Knowledge or other facts. More items...
What's another word for assumption?
SYNONYMS FOR assumption 1 presupposition; hypothesis; conjecture, guess; postulate, theory. 2 presumption; presupposition. 3 acceptance, shouldering. 4 seizure, appropriation, usurpation, arrogation.
What are the three types of assumptions?
What are the three types of assumptions: Paradigmatic. Prescriptive. Casual.
What are the 5 basic accounting assumptions?
These key assumptions are: Accrual assumption. ... Conservatism assumption. ... Consistency assumption. ... Economic entity assumption. ... Going concern assumption. ... Reliability assumption. ... Time period assumption. Dec 15, 2020
What are the 5 main assumptions of economics?
Warm- Up: Self- interest: Everyone's goal is to make choices that maximize their satisfaction. ... Costs and benefits: Everyone makes decisions by comparing the marginal costs and marginal benefits of every choice. Trade- offs: Due to scarcity, choices must be made. ... Graphs: Real-life situations can be explained and analyzed.
What is an untested assumption?
adjective. (of an idea, product, or person) not subjected to examination, experiment, or experience; unproven. 'analyses based on dubious and untested assumptions'
What's a premise?
A premise or premiss is a statement that an argument claims will induce or justify a conclusion. It is an assumption that something is true.
What is an unstated conclusion?
Unstated premises are premises that a deductive argument requires, but are not explicitly stated. Deductive arguments are popular and can be rationally persuasive, but people don't always state all of the premises that their deductive arguments require. Jul 8, 2013
What is the best definition of value?
1 : a fair return in goods, services, or money for something exchanged. 2 : worth in money. 3 : worth, usefulness, or importance in comparison with something else The letter is of great historical value. 4 : a principle or quality that is valuable or desirable They shared many goals and values.
What is value of a person?
Values are basic and fundamental beliefs that guide or motivate attitudes or actions. ... Values describe the personal qualities we choose to embody to guide our actions; the sort of person we want to be; the manner in which we treat ourselves and others, and our interaction with the world around us. Aug 8, 2018
What is the biblical meaning of value?
Christian Values — A Biblical Perspective A value or ethic is a principle or standard about what is important in one's life. Therefore, Christian values are the principles that a follower of Jesus Christ holds as important—the principles of life that Jesus taught. Christian values don't change over time.
Is happiness a value?
Ultimately, there is no way to know how your life will play out in ten minutes, and hour, or a week. Happiness is the value of every moment and the full attention paid to it.
What is the meaning of value crisis?
Value crisis is when the practice of members of the society starts deviating from the values we hold dear. When there is a general acceptance of corrupt practices and unethical activities, then the society as a whole is in value crisis. It creates a new normal of acceptance of dishonesty, lies and immoral behavior. Jan 1, 2017
Is moral values are important to lead a great life?
Importance of Moral Moral values are the good values taught to help people lead a disciplined life. Moral values include good habits such as honesty, helpfulness, integrity, respectfulness, love, hard work and compassion. A student's life is full of challenging .
What are your values in life?
Your values are the things that you believe are important in the way you live and work. They (should) determine your priorities, and, deep down, they're probably the measures you use to tell if your life is turning out the way you want it to.
How do you identify personal values?
Discovering Your Personal Core Values: Five Steps Step 1: “Data” Collection. Your life is a record of your values. ... Step 2: Identify The Values “Implicit” In The Data. ... Step 3: Identify and Prioritize Your “Core” Values. ... Step 4: Translate Your Values Into Guiding Principles. Dec 20, 2017
How do I know my values?
7 Steps to Discover Your Personal Core Values Why Personal Core Values Are Important. Knowing Your Personal Values Changes Your Behavior. Discover Your Personal Core Values. STEP 1: Start with a Beginner's Mind. STEP 2: Create Your List of Personal Values. ... STEP 3: Chunk Your Personal Values into Related Groups. More items...
What are the three questions that you can ask that will help identify hidden assumptions?
What are the three questions that you can ask that will help identify hidden assumptions? -""Are there any hidden premises being used?"" -""Why do you believe your point is valid?"" -""What point are you trying to make?""
Why is it important to identify hidden assumptions quizlet?
Why is it important to identify hidden assumptions? Oftentimes hidden assumptions cannot support the conclusion. ""Arguments are either or . They are never a matter of ' opinion .
What happens if you discover that the cited authority is biased and partial?
What happens if you discover that the cited authority is biased and partial? The argument is weakened and begins to collapse.
What is a prescriptive argument?
Let's talk a bit about prescriptive statements. Prescriptive statements are often given as an argument's conclusion. They have a high burden of proof — it's hard to prove what should be done without premises about what should be done. Take the following argument, for example: ... The conclusion is that you shouldn't do it. Dec 12, 2017
What is a prescriptive text?
Created by Michal Allon 12. A text is descriptive if the main purpose of the author is to describe, measure, analyze and explain.A text is prescriptive if the main purpose of the author is to persuade, convince, intervene, prescribe or recommend. Nov 20, 2012
What is a prescriptive claim?
A prescriptive claim is a way to tell how something should be, to prescribe it. An example of a descriptive claim would be if Jan told Sally that she thought drinking and driving was negligent. Since Jan told Sally that the action of drinking and driving is negligent, it implies that it is wrong. Sep 3, 2011
What is one main difference between assumptions and viewpoints?
Assumption is define as something that you accept as true without proof. Viewpoint is a personal opinion about something or someone, wether true or not. Oct 26, 2017
What is the old saying about assuming?
There is an old saying that to “assume” makes an “ass out of you and me”. For my international readers this is a play on the word “assume”. If you break it up, it looks like this “ass u me”. However, in strategic planning a set of assumptions is important. Dec 3, 2010
What is unconscious assumption?
An unconscious assumption, or wrong assumption, can lead to inappropriate acts (by not verifying your inferences based against the facts), hasty generalizations (stereotyping), and poor arguments (not examining assumptions).
Why Making assumptions is bad?
They stop you from taking responsibility for your life. Assumptions allow you to hide behind your version of the story. This means you don't own your part in the true story. You prefer to blame others for your misfortune, rather than look in the mirror. Mar 11, 2019
Why do I always make assumptions?
One way our brain saves energy is by making assumptions. We draw on our past experiences to find patterns in how the world works. When we encounter new situations, we apply these patterns—or assumptions—to the new environment. This process saves us the energy of analyzing each situation completely anew. Jan 3, 2018
How do you avoid assumptions?
How to Avoid Jumping Straight to Assumption Assess Your Beliefs. It is important to step back and really dig into why you believe what you do about a person or situation. Reflect on where your assumptions are coming from. ... Ask Questions First. Questioning is the antithesis of assuming. ... Seek Multiple Perspectives. Apr 8, 2015
Why are valence electrons important to a chemist?
When chemists study chemical reactions, they study the transfer or sharing of electrons. ... Those valence electrons are the ones lost, gained, or shared. Being able to determine the number of valence electrons in a particular atom gives you a big clue as to how that atom will react.
What is the main function of valence electrons?
Because they are in the highest energy level, they are generally the most involved in chemical reactions since they are the easiest to transfer. The function of valence electrons is to transfer between the atom, gaining or losing electrons in the process, in an effort to bring about stability to the atom. Feb 14, 2011
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