This page explains what is DPS (Damage Per Second) and EPS (Energy Per Second) indicates.
What is intraepithelial lesion?
An area of abnormal cells that forms on the surface of certain organs, such as the cervix, vagina, vulva, anus, and esophagus. High-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions look somewhat to very abnormal when looked at under a microscope.
What does an insufficient Pap smear mean?
A Pap test report of "inadequate cells" can mean either there aren't enough cells to interpret the Pap, or endocervical cells are missing. If it's insufficient cells, you can simply repeat the test in a few months. If it's lack of endocervical cells, your clinician may take extra steps to get an adequate sample.
What are the causes of an abnormal Pap smear?
What does an abnormal pap smear mean? An infection or an inflammation. Herpes. Trichomoniasis. Recent sexual activity. HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) This is also called genital warts (up to 60% of women may carry this virus on their cervix, genital area, or skin and are completely unaware of it). More items...
Can abnormal cells on a Pap test be nothing?
About 5% of all Pap tests will be abnormal, meaning that the sample contains atypical cervical cells. However, the majority of these cells are not cancerous or even precancerous. An abnormal Pap test result does not mean cancer, but it does require follow-up to rule out the possibility of cancer. Nov 20, 2018
What is the meaning of negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy?
Negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy This category means that no signs of cancer, pre-cancer, or other significant abnormalities were found. Jan 3, 2020
What is inflammation in Pap smear result?
Inflammation. If inflammation (redness) is present in the cells on the Pap smear, it means that some white blood cells were seen on your Pap smear. Inflammation of the cervix is common and usually does not mean there is a problem. Jun 1, 2003
How do you read a Pap test?
A Pap test result can be normal, unclear, or abnormal. Normal. A normal (or “negative”) result means that no cell changes were found on your cervix. ... Unclear (ASC-US) It is common for test results to come back unclear. ... Abnormal. An abnormal result means that cell changes were found on your cervix. ... Negative. ... Positive.
How serious are precancerous cells?
“Precancer means there isn't cancer there yet, but if you don't monitor or do something about it, it may develop into cancer,” King said. These changes do not mean you're on the brink of a serious illness. In fact, many women are told that they have precancerous cervical cells. Jan 29, 2019
Are cervical biopsies common?
Cervical Biopsies Are Important and Common—And Can Be Seriously Traumatic | Glamour. Sep 10, 2019
Can HPV be positive and then negative?
The most common reason for a negative Pap test with a positive HPV result is that the patient has an HPV infection, but the infection is not causing any cellular abnormalities. Cellular abnormalities caused by HPV can be quite focal on the cervix, while the HPV infection can be more widespread. Jan 1, 2014
Can precancerous cells go away?
Abnormal or precancerous cells often go away on their own (becoming normal cells again) without treatment. Since it is impossible to predict whether treatment is needed or not, the Pap smear test screens for abnormal and precancerous cells on the cervix. May 6, 2012
What are the stages of cervical dysplasia?
There are 3 levels: CIN I (mild dysplasia) CIN II (moderate to marked dysplasia) CIN III (severe dysplasia to carcinoma in situ ) Jan 20, 2021
How fast does cervical dysplasia progress?
In general, it takes 10 to 20 years for CIN to progress to cancer, allowing a significant time period for detection and treatment. Progression from CIN to cancer requires persistent HPV infection.
Are endometrial biopsies accurate?
Endometrial biopsy is often a very accurate way to diagnose uterine cancer. People who have abnormal vaginal bleeding before the test may still need a dilation and curettage (D&C; see below), even if no abnormal cells are found during the biopsy.
What does it mean when your endometrial biopsy is benign?
An endometrial biopsy is normal when no abnormal cells or cancer is found. Results are considered abnormal when: a benign, or noncancerous, growth is present. a thickening of the endometrium, called endometrial hyperplasia, is present.
Why was my endometrial biopsy so painful?
It may be painful as the tube is passed through your cervix, and you may feel a cramping pain as the sample is being taken from the lining of the womb. It is exactly the same pain as a period, because the pain is caused by the same muscles of the uterus contracting. So for most women this is familiar and bearable. Aug 20, 2018
Do atypical squamous cells go away?
Result: Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (LSIL) Most of the lesions will go away on their own, especially in younger people, but about 10 percent of the time the lesions will progress to cancer if left untreated. Jan 20, 2021
What does abnormal squamous cells mean?
Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance is the most common abnormal finding in a Pap test. It may be a sign of infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) or other types of infection, such as a yeast infection.
Are squamous cells Bad?
Squamous cell carcinoma that develops on the skin is usually caused by spending too much time in the sun over the course of your life. This type of skin cancer tends to grow and spread more than basal cell cancers. In rare cases, it may spread to the lymph nodes. Jan 26, 2020
What does squamous cells mean?
Squamous cells are thin, flat cells that look like fish scales, and are found in the tissue that forms the surface of the skin, the lining of the hollow organs of the body, and the lining of the respiratory and digestive tracts. Most cancers of the anus, cervix, head and neck, and vagina are squamous cell carcinomas.
Can squamous cells be benign?
Benign skin cancers, such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), typically develop due to overexposure to the sun and appear on various parts of the body, such as the nose, forehead, lower lip, ears, and hands.
Does squamous mean flat?
Medical Definition of Squamous cells Squamous cells: Flat cells that look like fish scales. The word ""squamous"" came from the Latin squama meaning ""the scale of a fish or serpent.""
What does early stage squamous cell carcinoma look like?
Squamous cell carcinoma initially appears as a skin-colored or light red nodule, usually with a rough surface. They often resemble warts and sometimes resemble open bruises with raised, crusty edges. The lesions tend to develop slowly and can grow into a large tumor, sometimes with central ulceration.
What is Stage 4 squamous cell carcinoma?
Stage IV (stage 4 squamous cell carcinoma): The cancer can be any size and has spread (metastasized) to 1 or more lymph nodes which are larger than 3 cm and may have spread to bones or other organs in the body. Nov 5, 2020
Why does squamous metaplasia occur?
Factors in the initiation and promotion of squamous metaplasia are chronic irritation of a physical nature, such as that caused by an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD), chemical irritants, inflammation with cell destruction, and endocrine changes at the beginning of, during, and after reproductive age.
How is squamous metaplasia treated?
Conclusion: The therapeutic management of keratinizing squamous metaplasia is controversial, and currently no effective medical therapy is available for its treatment. Actually, patients undergo transurethral resections and a multidisciplinary approach is required to avoid cystectomy. Dec 3, 2018
Is metaplasia benign or malignant?
It is a benign (i.e. non-cancerous) change that occurs as a response to change of milieu (physiological metaplasia) or chronic physical or chemical irritation.
Can you use floor leveler on vinyl?
Application. If you can avoid it, you should probably not use a leveling compound on a vinyl floor. Leveling mixes are designed to make smooth surfaces and are most often used on concrete or wood. ... In construction projects, leveling compound is most often laid down on the subfloor before the floor is even set.
What does embossed mean on vinyl flooring?
It is done in part to make a laminate floor look or feel more authentically like real wood. For instance, you may hear the term 'embossed in registration'. This means that the texturing actually follows the patterns in the image. Embossing can also be used to match grain or give the surface a 'distressed' look. ...
How do you level a vinyl floor?
The easiest way is with a straight edge, or a long piece of straight pipe. You can then move this length of material over the surface of your floor and look for high points where the edge or pipe teeter-totters. Mark these areas with a pencil or spray paint so that you know which areas need help.
Can you put self leveler over linoleum?
Another option that you have is to emboss the linoleum. Embossing is the practice of covering the linoleum with a self-leveling compound. By doing this, you will create a smooth surface so that you can glue something like vinyl down onto it. Oct 4, 2010
What is the best flooring for uneven floor?
For very uneven flooring, laminate sheets or tiles may be a better bet. This material is more flexible, but may reveal the imperfections in the surface. The most durable and attractive option for an uneven floor is often a pour on option, such as epoxy. Nov 7, 2016
Can you screed over vinyl?
simple answer is no, this is mainly down to the adhesive failing underneath which in turn will pop your screed, any screeding needs to be done direct to the sub-floor and the floor must be primed first this type of work should always be done by a professional as there is a humongous difference between a professional ...
Does laminate flooring have texture?
Laminate flooring is offered in different textures that can create an aesthetic appearance. ... The most common textures you will find in laminate flooring are: Smooth/Satin, Handscraped, Brushed, Oiled Wood, and Traditional Wood Textured. Aug 13, 2014
What is embossed finish?
What is: Embossed Finish ? - Term Definition. A paper which is finished by a machine aimed at embossing the paper. This machine would give it a depressed or raised surface area. This paper would resemble cloth, wood, leather, and so many other patterns.
What is hand scraped laminate flooring?
Hand scraped laminate flooring is a type of texture designed to give your laminate floor a more authentic wood-like look and feel. When you run your hand over a hand-scraped floor, you will feel grains and indentations that mimic a natural wood floor. Sep 2, 2014
How do you prepare a floor for vinyl flooring?
Clean the old vinyl with a household floor cleaner. Alternatively, mix a few drops of dish detergent in water to clean the floor. Rinse the floor and allow it to dry. Apply floor patching compound to any cracks in the old vinyl to create a smooth surface.
Does floor have to be level for vinyl?
But, just like with any other permanent product, it's imperative that the existing floor is clean and dry, in excellent condition, and most important, level. A flat and level floor is key so that the adjoining vinyl plank flooring don't have varying heights. Jan 14, 2019
What can you put under vinyl flooring?
The rule of thumb is any vinyl over 4mm can have a vinyl specific underlayment. With thinner vinyl flooring construction, adding a foam underlayment can effect the locking system strength. Vinyl floors under 4mm should be installed right over the subfloor. Sep 7, 2018
How do you prepare a floor for self leveling compound?
Preparing the floor before you pour the self-leveling compound involves cleaning up any debris or dirt that has accumulated on the subflooring. This can be done with a shop vacuum or large shop broom. Once you have removed the debris from the subflooring, check the floor for any imperfections. Feb 15, 2010
How do you level a floor?
sanded plywood Step 1: Remove the Existing Floor "" Step 2: Check the Level of the Subfloor "" Step 3: Repair High Spots in a Wood Subfloor and Clean It "" Step 4: Repair High Spots in a Concrete Subfloor and Clean It "" Step 5: Repair Low Spots in Wood or Concrete Floors and Clean Them "" More items...
Can you put self leveling compound on tiles?
Levelling compound can be used on a variety of substrates including concrete, screed, existing tiles and timber floors. Ideal for using in areas where the floor dips or needs filling in. Due to the nature of self-levelling compound, excessive amounts of water are not needed.
What happens if you put laminate on uneven floor?
Installing on uneven sub-floor Your laminate floor will flex up and down, adjusting to your uneven sub-floor, and the end effect will be damaged locking system, micro-gaps between boards and poor floor performance.
Can you level an uneven floor?
If the uneven floor is due to floor joists that have warped or twisted over time or were incorrectly installed, the only way to level the floor is to remove the subflooring and shim the joists.
Can I use epoxy on vinyl?
In order for epoxy to adhere properly to vinyl composite tiles, it needs to be roughed up with 60 to 80 grit sandpaper. ... The quickest way to create the rough finish that you need for the epoxy coating is to rent a lighter weight 13” floor buffer along with some 60 – 80 grit sanding screens. Apr 15, 2015
Can you put polyurethane over vinyl flooring?
If the tiles are scuffed and appear to be old, you can sand them lightly with superfine grit sandpaper and apply polyurethane instead of sealer, but don't apply polyurethane to a floor with cuts or deep scratches as it can soak through and stain the vinyl. May 3, 2020
Can you epoxy over linoleum?
Epoxy floor coatings, typically used on concrete, can also be applied to other surfaces such as linoleum tiles and floor panels. ... However, if you have damaged floors and it seems impossible or undesirable to remove the linoleum, an epoxy floor coating can make a workable solution.
What is the most popular laminate floor color?
Gray Gray quickly became the most popular trend, not just for flooring, but for homes in general. Gray is just, in! In addition to looking chic and trendy, gray laminate floors set the tone of a cool, contemporary home. They give you a neutral backdrop for decorating in virtually any color. Nov 25, 2020
What is the best color for laminate flooring?
What is the style of your room? If you want a beach style room, try a lighter wood or a whitewashed wood color. If you want a traditional style room, try cherry or oak wood coloring. If you want a modern room, try a grey or black laminate floor. Dec 5, 2014
What's the best laminate flooring brand?
BEST OVERALL: Pergo TimberCraft + WetProtect Laminate Flooring. RUNNER UP: Mannington Restoration Collection. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: TrafficMaster Lakeshore Pecan Stone. BEST FOR KITCHENS: Mohawk RevWood Plus Flooring. BEST FOR LIVING ROOMS: Shaw Repel Water Resistant Laminate. BEST FOR BEDROOMS: Mohawk RevWood Flooring. More items...
Is hand scraped flooring more expensive?
Con: Can Be Costly You can find wood floors at virtually any price point, but handscraped hardwood tends to be one of the most expensive types.
How many years does laminate flooring last?
15 to 25 years How long does laminate flooring last? Depending on the quality of the flooring, laminate flooring can last between 15 to 25 years on average, or longer. Choosing the right flooring for your home is about more than just aesthetics, it's also about durability and strength. Jul 10, 2020
Can hand scraped wood floors be refinished?
The great thing about hand-scraped floors is that you have the option to refinish them in the future if you desire a different look and feel by changing the color and texture without the cost of replacing the floor.
What is the best underlayment for vinyl flooring?
10 Best underlayment for vinyl flooring. First Step 630-Square Foot Roll Underlayment. ... QuietWalk Laminate Flooring Underlayment with Attached Vapor Barrier. ... FloorMuffler LVT/LVP Ultra Seal Underlayment 200 SF. ... STEICO Wood Fiber Flooring Underlayment for Laminate Vinyl LVT LVP Hardwood Floor. More items...
Do I need underlay for vinyl flooring?
Most vinyl floors don't need an underlay. If the surface you're laying on is level and smooth, a well-cushioned vinyl floor should be fine on its own.
Do I need plywood under vinyl flooring?
Vinyl flooring is usually not installed directly over the subfloor in residential applications. In most cases 4-by-8-foot sheets of particle board or plywood must be installed in preparation for the vinyl floor install. ... Sheet vinyl, however is only about 1/16-inch thick.
How do you smooth vinyl flooring?
You can flatten the floor out in a few easy steps. Gently heat the vinyl floor with a hair dryer set on ""low"". ... Apply vinyl floor adhesive onto the back of the flooring with a putty knife. ... Wipe any excess vinyl floor adhesive off the surface with an old rag. ... Place the 2 by 4 on top of the vinyl floor to flatten it out.
What thickness vinyl flooring is best?
4mm to 6mm In this case, the thicker the plank/tile, or sheet, the sturdier it is. The rule of thumb is to use 4mm to 6mm thickness in heavily used areas of the house and 4mm and below for areas like the bedroom. Jan 13, 2020
Is laying vinyl flooring easy?
Of all of the do-it-yourself floor coverings, vinyl plank flooring (also known as luxury vinyl) is one of the simplest to install. It is easy to cut, requires no bonding to the subfloor, and snaps together edge-to-edge and end-to-end.
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