“Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway is a third-person narration. The narrator is not part of the events, but presents them as an outside observer. The narrator only makes a few observations about who is talking and some of their actions. ...
Authors: Ernest Hemingway
What is the point of Hills Like White Elephants?
Hemingway sets “Hills Like White Elephants” at a train station to highlight the fact that the relationship between the American man and the girl is at a crossroads. Planted in the middle of a desolate valley, the station isn't a final destination but merely a stopping point between Barcelona and Madrid.
Why did the girl say that the hills look like white elephants?
The girl interprets the hills as looking like white elephants because their symbolism—being a costly and unwanted gift that doesn't feel like a gift but an obligation—matches the way she and the man seem to feel about their baby.
What is the point of the girl's comparison of the hills to white elephants?
The point of the girls' comparison of the hills to white elephants indirectly represents her wanting of keeping the baby. White elephants are something that no one wants. She first compares them to the hills because she doesn't want to keep the baby.
What is the style of Hills Like White Elephants?
In terms of style and technique, “Hills Like White Elephants” is a quintessential early Hemingway story. The use of the language of speech as the basis for the story, the insistence on presentation rather than commentary, the condensation, and the intensity are all basic elements of his theory of fiction. Jun 1, 2013
What does the white elephant symbolize in Hills Like White Elephants?
A white elephant symbolizes something no one wants—in this story, the girl's unborn child. Comparing the hills—and, metaphorically, the baby—to elephants also recalls the expression “the elephant in the room,” a euphemism for something painfully obvious that no one wants to discuss. ...
What is the main conflict in Hills Like White Elephants?
The main conflict in the story “Hills Like White Elephants ” is the debate between the man and his girlfriend Jig over whether or not to abort their unborn baby that Jig is carrying. The man obviously wants—and pressures—Jig to have an abortion while Jig is reluctant to go through with the procedure.
What is the resolution of Hills Like White Elephants?
“Hills Like White Elephants” is a very short story. Only about one thousand words, the story itself is comprised almost entirely of dialogue. Although there is a situation, there is no plot; although there are words spoken between the main characters, there is no resolution. Feb 27, 2021
What is the meaning of white elephants?
A white elephant is a possession which its owner cannot dispose of and whose cost, particularly that of maintenance, is out of proportion to its usefulness. In modern usage, it is an object, building project, scheme, business venture, facility, etc., considered expensive but without use or value.
Who is the main character in Hills Like White Elephants?
In the story “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway, only three characters appear: the man, the girl nicknamed Jig, and the woman serving at the bar. The detached narrative style makes it very difficult to pinpoint if there is a protagonist and identify him/her.
What does the river symbolize in Hills Like White Elephants?
In addition, the valley of Ebro has a river running through it, the river representing life, the life of the baby. Right now, Jig does not know if she is going to keep the unexpected pregnancy and her boyfriend wants their life as it used to be, without the pregnancy.
What does alcohol symbolize in Hills Like White Elephants?
Both the American man and the girl drink alcohol throughout their conversation to avoid each other and the problems with their relationship. ... By the end of their conversation, both drink alone—the girl at the table and the man at the bar—suggesting that the two will end their relationship and go their separate ways.
What literary devices are used in Hills Like White Elephants?
Hemingway's work Hills Like White Elephants communicates several political viewpoints―such as abortion and nationalistic inferiority―and conveys conflict through the use of imagery, symbolism, point-of-view, and setting. In the beginning of the short passage, Hemingway presents multiple images to set the mood.
What are the symbols in Hills Like White Elephants?
Hills Like White Elephants | Symbols White Elephants. The girl introduces the image of white elephants when she says the hills beyond the station look like white elephants. ... Light and Darkness. In the second line of the narrative Hemingway introduces the importance of light, and the relationship between light and darkness. ... Railroad Tracks. ... Beaded Curtain.
What is the irony in Hills Like White Elephants?
The irony in "Hills Like White Elephants" is that the man insists that an abortion will restore their relationship to its former goodness,...
Are White Elephants good luck?
All elephant images are symbols of protection, good fortune, and wisdom, however white elephants are especially auspicious. It is said that the Buddha's mother dreamt of a white elephant before she gave birth to him. Aug 4, 2020
What do hills represent?
Hills carry their own significance least of which is the concept of higher and lower levels of land - the latter can contain swamps, people, darkness, fields, heat, unpleasantness, life whilst the former can suggest isolation, life, death, thin air, purity, clear views to name a few. Sep 5, 2016
Who wins the argument in Hills Like White Elephants?
In "Hills Like White Elephants," no one wins the argument. In part, this is because the two characters are no in strict opposition to each...
What happens at the end of Hills Like White Elephants?
Abstract. The ending of Hemingway's 1927 story, “Hills Like White Elephants” was interpreted for decades in one way: the female protagonist surrenders to her partner's wishes that she undergo abortion.
How old is the girl in Hills Like White Elephants?
twenty years Summary and Analysis Hills Like White Elephants. In the early 1920s, an American man and a girl, probably nineteen or twenty years old, are waiting at a Spanish railway station for the express train that will take them to Madrid.
Why did Hemingway write Hills Like White Elephants?
Hemingway agreed, but likened the separation to the dilemma in "Hills Like White Elephants." Relaying his thoughts in a letter to Pfeiffer, he wrote that when two people who love one another are forced to "go away from each other it works almost as bad as an abortion." Following Hemingway's divorce from Hadley in ...
Who is jig in Hills Like White Elephants?
The jig is a dance in Ireland. Giving the girl the nickname of Jig may suggest that she is from Ireland and that she is, or has been, a lively, spirited girl, since the jig is an extremely lively dance. The girl may have performed this dance on more than one occasion during their travels.
Which country is known as land of white elephant?
Kingdom of Thailand Thailand is known as the land of white elephants. It is officially known as the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam is a country in Southeast Asia. The elephant is the national symbol of the country.
How many white elephants are left in the world 2020?
30 white elephants Q. How many white elephants are left in the world? A. There are approximately 30 white elephants left in the world. Nov 20, 2018
Is there any white elephant in the world?
White elephants, actually albinos, have for centuries been revered in Burma, Thailand, Laos and other Asian nations. ... Burma has eight white elephants in captivity, most from the Ayeyarwaddy region. Five are now in the zoo in the capital, Naypyitaw, and three in Rangoon. Mar 1, 2015
Who is the antagonist in Hills Like White Elephants?
The American fits the "antagonist" bill—he's manipulative, callous, and more than a little annoying. Plus, he's stands in opposition to Jig and her desires: she wants to get married and have a baby, he wants her to get an abortion and for them to both stay single.
What is the relationship between the two characters in Hills Like White Elephants?
The relationship between the two characters in "Hills Like White Elephants" is a romantic and sexual one. An unnamed American man and a woman he calls Jig are involved, and she has become pregnant. The point of contention between them is that the man wants Jig to have an abortion, and Jig seems hesitant.
How do the hills in the story spotlight jig's decision?
The hills in the story spotlight Jig's decision by showing her pregnancy. Explanation: The symbolism of the white elephants emphasizes the subject of the story. ... But if we consider a "white elephant" as an unwanted item, she could also mean that he never accepts burdens he does not want. Oct 28, 2019
How many drinks does the male character order in Hills Like White Elephants?
two beers A man known simply as the American and his girlfriend sit at a table outside the station, waiting for a train to Madrid. It is hot, and the man orders two beers.
What is Anis del Toro?
Anis del Toro is the anisette liqueur that is consumed by characters in two of Ernest Hemingway's books, "Hills Like White Elephants" and "The Sun Also Rises." Anis del Toro or "Bull's Anisette" is Hemingway's joke for Anis del Mono. Anis del Mono, "The Monkey's Anisette," is an actual Spanish anisette liqueur.
Why do you suppose the author names the girl but not the man in Hills Like White Elephants?
The girl is the female companion of the story's other main character, the man. Unlike the man, the girl's name (or nickname) is revealed to the reader when the man is imploring her to get an abortion.
Is Hills Like White Elephants about abortion?
Stanley Renner claims that "Hills Like White Elephants" is primarily empathetic towards the female character: "So firmly does the story's sympathy side with the girl and her values, so strong is her repugnance toward the idea of abortion, and so critical is the story of the male's self-serving reluctance to shoulder ...
Is setting a literary device?
Setting, in literature, the location and time frame in which the action of a narrative takes place. The makeup and behaviour of fictional characters often depend on their environment quite as much as on their personal characteristics.
What does the bead curtain symbolize in Hills Like White Elephants?
Strings of beads are familiar infant's playthings; thus, to the woman the curtain may symbolize the unborn child. Such a thought would be no less likely in her mind, as she handles the beads, than her earlier perception of the distant hills as white elephants.
What does the white elephant symbolize in Buddhism?
In Buddhist iconography, the elephant is associated with Queen Māyā of Sakya, the mother of Gautama Buddha. ... To the royal sages, the white elephant signifies royal majesty and authority; they interpreted the dream as meaning that her child was destined for greatness as a universal monarch or a buddha.
What is the definition of symbolism?
1 : the art or practice of using symbols especially by investing things with a symbolic meaning or by expressing the invisible or intangible by means of visible or sensuous representations: such as.
What does absinthe symbolize?
Absinthe, an alcoholic drink introduced to France in the 1840s, developed a decadent though violent reputation. To some the drink symbolized creativity and liberation, and to others, madness and despair. Oct 4, 2010
What is verbal irony?
Verbal irony is a figure of speech. The speaker intends to be understood as meaning something that contrasts with the literal or usual meaning of what he says. Nov 30, 2000
What is the meaning of white elephant gift?
The term white elephant refers to an extravagant, impractical gift that cannot be easily disposed of. The phrase is said to come from the historic practice of the King of Siam (now Thailand) giving rare albino elephants to courtiers who had displeased him, so that they might be ruined by the animals' upkeep costs.
What does the elephant symbolize?
Elephants are revered as a symbol of good luck, prosperity, destroyer of evil, remover of obstacles, as well as strength, power, wisdom, memory, and vitality. In India, there are millions of temples dedicated to the Elephant God, who has the head of an elephant and the body of a young boy. Jan 11, 2021
What does it mean when an elephant raises its trunk?
When the trunk is lifted up in an s-shape, called the periscope-sniff, the elephant is detecting scents carried on the wind. Such a movement is used if additional information is wanted, such as if the elephant is meeting strangers or perceives danger. Apr 24, 2013
What are the importance of hills?
Many settlements were originally built on hills, either to avoid floods (particularly if they were near a large body of water), or for defense (since they offer a good view of the surrounding land and require would-be attackers to fight uphill), or to avoid densely forested areas.
What is the spiritual meaning of mountains?
The mountain is thought to contain divine inspiration, and it is the focus of pilgrimages of transcendence and spiritual elevation. It is a universal symbol of the nearness of God, as it surpasses ordinary humanity and extends toward the SKY and the heavens.
What does the Valley symbolize?
The valley is commonly a symbol of fertility and life; it evokes images of cultivation, and in Chinese symbolism the valley is the yin, shadowy state while the yang is the sunny MOUNTAIN. They are, respectively, the low and the high.
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