The posteroinferior border of the soft palate is free and faces towards the oropharynx. It features a conical expansion in the midline called the uvula that projects into the oral cavity.
What is attached to the soft palate?
The soft palate also forms the roof of the fauces; an area connecting the oral cavity and the pharynx. Two arches bind the palate to the tongue and pharynx; the palatoglossal arches anteriorly and the palatopharyngeal arches posteriorly.
Which structure is also known as the soft palate? soft palate, also called palatal velum, velum, or muscular palate, in mammals, structure consisting of muscle and connective tissue that forms the roof of the posterior (rear) portion of the oral cavity.
What structures make up the palate?
The hard palate is made up of four cranial bones: the paired maxillae and the paired palatine bones. The maxillae are situated anteriorly and cover the majority of the area between the two sides of the dental arch.
What problems can the soft palate cause?
A cleft palate can cause issues with speech and swallowing because the palate is unable to separate the respiratory tract from the digestive tract. Some babies with a cleft palate may have more frequent ear infections, hearing problems, or dental issues.
What is the main function of the soft palate?
The soft palate comprises muscle and tissue, which make it mobile and flexible. When a person is swallowing or sucking, the soft palate completely separates the mouth from the throat, which helps keep food out of the respiratory tract. The soft palate is also known as the muscular palate or the velum.
What causes the soft palate to drop?
While you are awake, the muscles around the soft palate keep your airway open. But as you fall asleep, these muscles start to relax. In people with OSA, the muscles relax so much that the soft palate tissue collapses and blocks the airway. If your airway becomes blocked, your breathing slows or stops altogether.
What blocks the nasopharynx during swallowing?
When you swallow, a flap called the epiglottis moves to block the entrance of food particles into your larynx and lungs. The muscles of the larynx pull upward to assist with this movement. They also tightly close during swallowing. That prevents food from entering your lungs.
Can the soft palate be removed?
The bottom line Uvula removal may be an option if you snore because of a very large uvula, or you have OSA that’s mainly caused by an enlarged uvula. Your doctor might also remove parts of your soft palate at the same time. The procedure only takes a few minutes, and recovery is fairly quick.
What does a normal hard palate look like?
In general, the tissue is a homogenous pale pink color, firm to palpation towards the anterior and lateral to the midline while more compressible towards the posterior and medial to the apices of the teeth.
How does soft palate work?
The soft palate is moveable, consisting of muscle fibers sheathed in mucous membrane. It is responsible for closing off the nasal passages during the act of swallowing, and also for closing off the airway. During sneezing, it protects the nasal passage by diverting a portion of the excreted substance to the mouth.
What is roof of mouth called?
The palate is commonly called the roof of the mouth. It is divided into two parts: the bony hard palate in the front, and the fleshy soft palate (called the velum) in the back of the mouth. The hard palate is part of the oral cavity and the soft palate is part of the oropharynx.
How long does soft palate take to heal?
You will probably be able to go back to work or to most of your usual activities 1 to 2 weeks after surgery. But you may need up to 3 to 6 weeks to fully recover. Over the next 3 to 6 weeks, you should start to have better airflow. You may find that you snore less or not at all.
How do I strengthen my soft palate?
Soft palate exercises Puff out your cheeks with air; continue to breathe in and out of your nose. Try yourself, or get someone else, to press a finger against your inflated cheeks. Remember to keep your lips firmly together. Do not allow the air to escape through your mouth or nose.
How do you treat a swollen soft palate?
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink lots of fluids.
- Try warm or cold foods to soothe the area.
- Keep the air moist with a humidifier.
- Suck on a lozenge to keep your throat moist.
What is the function of nasopharynx?
Nasopharynx: It is situated in the space between the back of the nose and soft palate. It is continuous with the nasal cavity and forms the upper part of the respiratory system. It plays an important role in transferring air from the nose to the larynx.
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